Area: 143,35.35 km2
Elevation: 3 mnm
Climate and weather: borderline humid subtropical and Mediterranean climate
Population (2011): 42,615
Mayor: Mato Franković
Time zone: CET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST): CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code: 20000
Dailing code: +385 (0)20
average annual: 16,4 °C
average of coldest period: January, 10 °C
average of the warmest period: August, 25,8 °C
average May-September: 17,9 – 23,8 °C
(64,2 – 74,8 °F)
Getting to Dubrovnik
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Arriving by plane
Dubrovnik airport is twenty kilometers away from the city center and it takes less than half an hour to get there.
From the airport you can take the cheaper bus transport to the city or the more expensive taxi ride. Every regular flight has an organized bus transport to Dubrovnik upon arrival and as for going to the airport, buses for flights operated by Croatia Airlines and Austrian Airlines depart an hour and a half prior to take-off while the ones for other operators depart two hours prior to take-off from the bus terminal. The bus ticket will cost you 35 kunas (5 euros) while a taxi ride will cost between 230 and 250 kunas depending on which part of the city you’re going to.
Check in for domestic flights is required no later than half an hour prior to take-off while check-in for international flights is required no later than one hour before departure. It’s possible to check-in online as well.
You can also rent a car at the airport, exchange money or use the ATMs. Dubrovnik airport also has a rather unusual attraction – Đurović cave which extends underneath the landing strip. It’s possible to visit it.
Arriving by bus
Dubrovnik is well connected with other Croatian cities every day, especially with Zagreb.
There are also connections with cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Italy, Germany and Macedonia.
Croatia has daily bus connections to Switzerland, Austria, Serbia, Sweden, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.
Some lines are added in the summer months, so up to date information can be found on Bus Terminal Dubrovnik’s webpage. The same applies to other Croatian bus stations.
Dubrovnik Bus Terminal (phone number 060 305 070) is the only one in Dubrovnik that offers a possibility to leave the luggage in the luggage depository. The station is located in the port of Gruž and is well connected with public transport to all parts of the city. There is also a taxi station and a shopping mall along with other services such as ATMs, which operate 24 hours.
Arriving by car
Arriving to Dubrovnik by car gives you the opportunity to see other beautiful parts of Croatia, even when driving on the highway. The highway to Dubrovnik isn’t complete; it ends in Ploče from where you have around 100 kilometers more to get to Dubrovnik. Traffic jams on Croatia-Bosnia and Herzegovina border are not big and very quickly you go through the 15 kilometer strip of land that gives Bosnia access to open sea.
Arriving from North Italy via Rijeka
If you choose to take the highway from Rijeka to Dubrovnik, you will first have to drive towards Zagreb, to Bosiljevo junction, from where you continue towards Split and Ploče where the highway ends, and then further towards Dubrovnik.
Arriving from Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland via Zagreb
Take the highway from Zagreb to Split and Ploče and then continue towards Dubrovnik.
Arriving from Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland via Osijek
This way, instead through Croatia, will take you through the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. From Osijek you should continue to Sarajevo and then through Mostar to Metković and then you continue towards Dubrovnik. For those of you coming from central Europe, this is the longest route but also the most exciting. Bosnia is a European country with an oriental twist.
Arriving from Romania and Bulgaria
It’s easiest to take the road to Leskovac in Serbia and then towards Peć and Podgorica where you continue towards Budva and then follow the coastal road to Herceg-Novi and the Croatian border. There is also a continental route through Montenegro but it’s best to get to the coast to see the beautiful bay of Boka Kotorska, the town of Kotor and St. Stefan.
Arriving by boat
Journey by boat lasts the longest. It takes 24 hours to get from Rijeka to Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik is connected to the Italian port of Bari, and from Ancona ferries go to Split, Zadar and Korčula from where you can continue towards Dubrovnik by car. There are more information on Jadrolinija’s website.
Cultural, historical and artistic treasures
Known as the Pearl of the Adriatic, it lies in the extreme south of Croatia, basking in glorious Mediterranean sunshine for much of the year. A fairytale fortress of beautiful Baroque, Gothic and Renaissance churches, aristocratic palaces, red-roofed townhouses, magnificent monasteries and fascinating history, it is almost impossible to feel anything but uplifted and inspired here.
Wander the bustling boutiques, markets and bars, savour freshly-caught seafood while gazing out to sea at sunset; walk along the iconic walls, or take a cable car up to Mount Srđ for the most spectacular views in all of Dubrovnik. Today a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Old Town and its towering walls rise above a 13th-century main street that literally sparkles in the sun. No wonder so many consider Dubrovnik a precious gem. In fact, the origins of the Croatian language and its classic literature can be traced back here, and the city remains an epicentre of culture, art, music and science. All this, and surrounded by a brilliant-blue seascape, pretty beaches and idyllic islands.
History and culture
Dubrovnik is a city with rich history stretching back to the 7th century when its beginnings are recorded—its best-known history is related to the period of the aristocratic Republic of Dubrovnik, which endured through to the late 19th century. Throughout its history, Dubrovnik has been the site of the construction of monumental edifices, now a part of the city’s tourist favorites. The city walls, the Minčeta and Lovrijenac fortresses, St. Blaise Church and other sacral buildings, the large and small Onofrio fountains, Orlando’s column and the town bell tower are just a few of the famed monuments visitors can tour.
City of theatre and the arts
Many of the municipal events, like the Dubrovnik Summer Games, the Libertas Film Festival and the Julian Rachlin & Friends music festival have won Dubrovnik the moniker of the City of Theatre and Arts. Visitors can enjoy stage plays and other cultural events at the Marin Držić Municipal Theatre, Rector’s Palace Culture and History Museum, Rupe Ethnographic Museum, Maritime Museum, Cathedral Treasury, Museum of the Monastery of the Friars Minor, Museum of the Dominican Monastery, Dubrovnik Natural History Museum and the Modern Arts Museum.
City walls and towers
Dubrovnik’s city walls were built in the 13th century. They are 1,970 metres long and allow you to walk around the entire perimeter of the Old Town center. The walls also incorporate several towers: Minčeta Tower to the north, Bokar Tower to the west, Sveti Ivan (St. John) Tower to the southeast, Fort Revelin to the east and Fort Lovrijenac on the crag outside the walls. The stroll, offering a splendid view of the open sea, the island of Lokrum and the Elaphiti Islands, takes about two hours, with the adventure starting on the west side of Stradun where the entrance is located.
The main street in the Old Town is an interesting attraction accessed from the west through the Pile Gate and from the east by the Ploče Gate. From the very entrance, visitors will come across a number of impressive monuments such as the Onofrio fountains and Orlando’s column as well as a bevy of bars, restaurants and municipal events.
Mount Srđ rises to the north of Dubrovnik. Its peak is at 413 metres above sea level with Fort Imperial, home to a Homeland War memorial museum. All sorts of weaponry used in the attack launched from this site against Dubrovnik are shown in photographs and video documentation.There is a beautiful panorama overlooking the entire town, the open sea and the islands. Since 2010, the most interesting way to get to the top of Srđ has been to take the renovated cable car—in just a few minutes you can enjoy the amazing view and a coffee or other refreshment on the terrace: take your time to enjoy the unique panorama and the cool breeze.
Dubrovnik’s best-known church is the one dedicated to St. Blaise (Sveti Vlaho), the city’s patron saint, standing on Luža Square at the site of an older Romanesque church dedicated to the same saint. The church survived powerful earthquakes, fires and Yugoslav Army shelling during the Homeland War. The feast day of St. Blaise is celebrated every year in February, closing with a mass in the church.
The Church of the Holy Salvation (Sveti Spas), the Church of the Assumption of Mary and the Church of St. Dominic are traditional sacral edifices in Dubrovnik offering a unique window into the city’s history and architecture.
The fort is located outside the city walls on a 37-metre high crag and is considered a symbol of the liberty of Dubrovnik. It is frequently referred to as the ”Gibraltar of Dubrovnik.” There is the inscription at the entrance ”Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro” (Liberty is not sold for all the treasures of the world). In the summer, Fort Lovrijenac is the stage for many theatre plays during the Dubrovnik Summer Games.
This Jewish temple in the city is also a museum and it is considered to be the oldest Sephardic synagogue in the world. The synagogue was built in the 15th century and features exhibits dating from the 16th to 18th century.